The Syrian crisis


The Syrian crisis: the evolution of the positions of the countries of the region and international sponsoring countries

I. Biographical information
1.1 Conflict on Syrian territory

The Syrian civil war, is a conflict that has its beginnings at the end of the year 2011. This conflict has led for four years an approx. more than 220,000 dead, 3.8 million refugees (half of which are children), 7.6 million displaced persons inside Syria, 4.8 million civilians in State of site and 12.2 million people needing humanitarian assistance to survive. 40% of the population living in a situation of crisis. Entire cities are destroyed as well as the historical and cultural heritage of the same. They have used chemical weapons repeatedly, and have committed war crimes and serious violations of human rights.

During the course of the year 2015, the Assad regime has managed to control most of the coastal areas of the country, the majority of alawite or Christians, in addition the capital Damascus and most of the southern regions (an area covering approximately 60% of the inhabitants of Syria); While the ISIS controls about 35% of the national territory in the Northeast and has established its capital in Raqqa where the main facilities of oil are from Syria; the FSA now controlls only a small area in the Northwest of Syria, around the city of Aleppo, and another to the South, around the city of Dara.

Since last September, a United States-led international coalition began attacking the ISIS in various places in Syria. The attacks focused on lathe Kobane, due to the high concentration of men and equipment of the Islamic State, but also the Raqqa capital and oil facilities captured by this group were affected. It is March 15th, 2015, for the first time, the American Secretary of State, John Kerry, said that his country intends to deal with Assad to find a solution to the war. Until then, the condition for any negotiations, was that Assad would agree to cede power.

II. The Crisis in Syria
2.1. The evolution of the positions of the international actors (United States, Russia, China):

Due to repeated failures at the conferences of Geneva 1st and 2nd the expectations of the International actors have been directed to achieve ceasefires and humanitarian agreements and truces. However, the difficulties are evident because of the coincidence of positions among the regional actors and the extra-regional.

United States: American Posture current gyrates around Syria differs substantially from that it has been held for several months, to the extent that Washington has decided to admit the possibility of starting negotiations with Syria, to withdraw the Syrian President to a politic transition of the power. In addition, the Secretary of State, John Kerry said that the United States and other countries were exploring ways to revive the diplomatic process for ending the conflict in Syria.



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