Brexit, new challenges for world trade


One of the most remembered events in history will be the 51.9% votes that allowed (through a referendum) the Brexit phenomenon to happen, by Olga Elena Ramírez Poggi [Academic Coordinator], María Belén Medicina Leuzzi [Writer] & Mayra Alejandra Delgado Mondragón [Researcher]

One of the most remembered figures in history will be the 51.9% of votes that allowed (through a referendum) that the Brexit phenomenon happen. This event opened the doors to nationalisms and Eurosceptic movements that led to a domino effect on the European continent. Currently, the European Union is going through a great crisis of integration. While democracy tries to overshadow the rightist movements, the latter advance - to mention an example, the independence situation in Catalonia, Spain.

In order to understand the Brexit, as a new conflict in the eurozone, it is convenient to detail a little about it.

Seventeen (17) years ago in a session of the European Parliament, Nigel Farage proposed the motion to withdraw the United Kingdom from the European Union with the excuse -nationalist, of course- of "re-vitalizing" the country, while the European organization implied an It hinders the development of it. After having culminated in the presentation of this initiative, the response of the MEPs present at that meeting was negative. Even more, they considered the proposal so absurd that they ended up mocking.

However, with the passage of time, Europe did not expect such a silly initiative and then the idea that it was extravagant became a controversial dispute.

The discussion about the permanence of the United Kingdom in the European Union originated two sides: one in favor and the other against. The first was led by Farage and his party (United Kingdom Independence Party - UKIP). The second, driven by the then Prime Minister, David Cameron. The magnitude of the dispute over Brexit was such that it ended captivating the eyes of the world. Even some international actors such as the United States. (During the government of Barack Obama) demonstrated, bowing to the position of Cameron.

However, because Farage and the UKIP won the European elections in 2014, the creation of a referendum on Brexit was imminent. It was so, on June 23, 2016, that referendum was voted, whose result -suppressive- indicated that the Brexit was positive. The percentages showed that the difference with respect to the permanence and exit from the United Kingdom in the European Union was only 3.8%; equivalent to 1,269,501 votes. (BBC News, 2017)


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